The quality of a theory is the relation between basic assumptions and
The luxon theory is able to summarize the law of conservation of energy, the special theory of relativity, E=mc2, and the fundamental physical concepts of mass and energy into only three words:
The luxon hypothesis is not new. The Standard Model is a luxon theory:
The Higgs boson can accommodate the masses of fundamental particles, which would otherwise be massless (luxons) due to the underlying symmetry of the Standard Model. (Higgs Physics Group at DØ) (mirror)
"The particle called Higgs boson is in fact the quantum of one of the components of a Higgs field. In empty space, the Higgs field acquires a non-zero value, which permeates every place in the universe at all times. The vacuum expectation value (VEV) of the Higgs field is constant and equal to 246 GeV. The existence of this non-zero VEV plays a fundamental role: it gives mass to every elementary particle, including to the Higgs boson itself." (Wikepedia) (mirror)
"The idea that mass is not intrinsic like charge or spin is made even more plausible by the idyllic notion of zero mass for all quarks and leptons. In this case, they would obey a satisfying symmetry, chiral symmetry, in which their spins would forever be associated with their direction of motion." (Leon Lederman: The god particle)
" The Standard Model weak interaction theory takes this idea a step further. In formulating that theory, it became evident that the equations did not allow the introduction of mass for the particles. The theory made sense— that is, it gave finite predictions for some measurable effects, but only if it was written so that each and every fundamental particle had zero mass. [...]In the Standard Model the field that forms such a condensate is called the Higgs field. Particles get their mass through interactions with this field. In such a theory, mass is just another form of interaction energy." (Connecting Quarks with the Cosmos - Eleven Science Questions for the New Century) (PDF)
There is an unambiguous physical extrapolation , according to which the most elementary particles within tardyons have the velocity of light ( Sexl/Raab/Streeruwitz 1980, page 72):
The smaller a formation is, the bigger is, according to the de-Broglie-relation
the velocity of the particles contained in it.
The smaller and the more elementary a formation is, the more the velocity of the particles contained in it is near the velocity of light, the more luxon-like the particles become! The smaller the considered space is, the bigger is the part of the rest energy of an atom which is based on a part of the movement energy.
The independent existence of two basically different types of matter is
the ultimate mystery of modern physics.
There are luxons, there are tardyons.
"Luxons" are all particles which always move with the velocity of light in empty space. These are every type of electromagnetic radiation, gluons and maybe gravitons.
"Tardyons" are all particles which always move with a velocity below the velocity of light. These are protons, electrons, muons, atoms - the common matter we already know.
Particles are either luxons or tardyons. These are the two principal types of particles. The special theory of relativity differentiates only between luxons and tardyons.
Luxons and tardyons have opposite
In empty space, luxons always move with one speed.
The movement type of luxons is pure.
Tardyons have many different speeds. The
movement type of tardyons is miscellaneous.
Luxons have a speed which is designated by
fundamental laws of nature.
They move with the absolute velocity of speed c (299.792.458 m/s), which is the centering point of space-time.
The movement of tardyons is determined by the
velocity of luxons. All transformation equations of the special
theory of relativity are related to this velocity c:
For luxons time is no time flow. For v
=c there is no solution of the equation :
Tardyons have half-times.
Out of pure luxons, nature create mater and
antimatter (both are tardyons).
Every tardyon has an antiparticle (e.g., the
antiparticle of the electron is the positron). If it collides with its
antiparticle, it disintegrates into luxons.
Movement is part of the nature and of the
definition of the energy of luxons. Their rest energy is zero. Movement
is an existential condition of the energy of luxons.
Non-moving tardyons have energy. Movement is no
existential condition for tardyon energy! Tardyons have a rest energy.
The common origin of luxons and tardyons is still completely
Why, after all, did nature create two types of matters which are so different from each other? What was its reason for this? I wish somebody could feel with me the enormous depth of the abyss which I see within the explanation here.
It seems that nature created two basically different types of energy. One with movement and one without.
Which type of energy is more fundamental, the energy of luxons or the energy of tardyons? Or do both types of energy have a common origin?
Maybe one type of matter is enough for an explanation of the phenomenons.
Before starting with the question why there are two types of matter, it should first be tried to find out whether there are two types at all.
Normally, simplicity is the origin of complexity. This is an experience. The three particles proton, neutron and electron form the entire complex periodic system of elements.
The more basic type of matter must be the more simple one, thus the luxons, because the laws of nature assume luxons as the most simple form of matter.
The cause of mass necessary can`t have mass. If particles are the cause of mass it is clear what they are:
The luxon theory say: