 ### DERIVATION OF THE SPECIAL THEORY OF RELATIVITY

H. Zeigler proposed in 1909 that relativity phenomena would be a natural result if the most elemental particles of mass were made of smaller particles that all moved at the constant speed of light.
(Photonics)

### Time dilation

Time dilation follows from the definition of the second with the light clock. Thus, it is a direct consequence of the privilege of the luxons for the definition of space and time scales. The fact that moving light clocks run slow is the cause of the constancy of the velocity of light in all reference frames.

Look at this explanation of the MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY :
This means that if two events occur at the same place, such as the ticks of a clock, a moving observer will measure the time between the events to be longer. The relation between a time measured by a stationary observer t0 to the time t measured by an observer moving with velocity v is: The gamma factor is common in relativity, and we will use it often. It is always greater than unity. If the velocity were greater than c, it would be undefined.

This result can be shown to result from the fundamental postulate by considering a light clock. This imaginary clock would work by ticking every time a light pulse reflected back to the lower mirror as shown below. The time between ticks and tocks for the stationary clock is: One can now view the same clock as it moves past with velocity v. The time between ticks and tocks is again given by the distance traveled by the red pulse divided by c. Solving the above equation for t in terms of h, v and c gives Thus the moving observer sees a longer time by the factor g defined in the previous page. From this follows exactly the formula for time dilatation: This relation is well known from literature.

### What is the true cause of this equation?

It is a spectacular fact that all known deviations from Newton's world picture have to do with light in a fundamental way.

Penrose 1991, page 214
Time dilatation is based on the superiority of light for the definition on space and time scales and not on the constancy of the velocity of light!
The constancy of the velocity of light is a consequence of that!
Think about it: The time is not dilated because of the constancy of light speed but vice versa :
The speed of light is constant because of time dilatation.
If time would not be dilatated then the speed of light wouldn`t be constant!

The cause of time dilatation is the privilege of the luxons for the definition of space and time scales. The cause for that is the definition of a period of time by the light clock.
By means of the light clock, a second can be defined in the following way:
A light beam oscillates between two mirrors. Between the mirrors there is a distance of 150000 km. Thus the light needs one second for the distance tick-tock-tick.

A second is exactly the period of time which luxons need to travel through the distance between the two mirrors and back. It`s the time between two "tick`s".

If the light clock is moved with a velocity approximate to the velocity of light, the light beams move with a corresponding inclination in order to reach the mirrors. Nevertheless, for the observer at rest the light needs much longer than one second for the distance tick-tock-tick, because the light has to travel a longer distance. On the other hand, for the observermoving with the light clock it still needs one second for the distance of 300000 km, because for him the distance tick-tock-tick still is 300000 km long.

This definition of a second with the light clock is universal true.

I want to know why.

Why is the movement of light privileged for the definition of length and time measures of tardyons?

For example: In common clocks, time passes correspondingly slower when the clock is moved, so that the velocity of light keeps constant. This behaviour of common matter, of tardyons, is absolutely of the element of which it consists, how much it weighs etc. The time of an hour glass is prolonged in the same way as the half-time of uranium. This is quite remarkable.

## Tardyons are light clocks

This means that the fundamental particles seem to carry a "personal-clock" which shows the "proper time" in their own frame, a "local standard of time" irrespective of their motion with respect to any observer anywhere in the universe and they live only according to this local clock. This requires that the fundamental particles must have some periodicity within their structure which helps them to reckon time in their own proper frames.

T.S. Natarajan: DO QUANTUM PARTICLES HAVE A STRUCTURE?   ( mirror )
The main question is why this system can be used without contradictions.

Why does common matter, why do tardyons behave exactly according to the scales defined by luxons?

### Here is the simple reason for this fact:

 Tardyons submit to the space and time scales of luxons, because they consist of luxons! The time lapse of all tardyon events is dilated according to the time dilation of the light clock, because tardyons internally do not differ substantially from the light clock. The same mechanism which causes the inclined movement of the luxons and thus for a dilated time lapse, also causes, in the same way, time dilatation of tardyons. Time is the number of "tick-tock-tick"

This is the example of one meson consisting of a strange-quark, an anti-down-quark and some gluons (which move with the velocity v = c, the speed of light).  The gluons oscillate between the two quarks.
The "tick`s" of its inner luxons can serve as measurement unit for the own time of a tardyon. The number of"tick`s" is a direct value for its own time. Here, too, the inner luxons (gluons) move, when approaching the velocity of light, in an increasingly inclined way, so that the time of the meson - this is the number of tick-tock-tick! -is dilated relativistically.

The followingspace-time continuum shows in which way time dilatation is a direct consequence of rapid movement. Time dilatation and rapid movement are the same. The number of "tick`s" of a tardyon must be inferior in order to be able to move faster. Time dilatation is an effect off the rapid movement. A tardyon can only move faster than another tardyon because its own time is dilated. No tardyon can move faster than the luxons of which it is composed, the movement of which mixes its different speeds. This is a surprisingly simple explanation for the insuperable wall which is the velocity of light!

Every tardyon is a light clock and behaves according to the laws of the light clock, because every tardyon consists of luxons oscillating with the velocity of light.
As mentioned above, the central conservation problem in the conversion of light to matter is how to duplicate the connectivity of space and light in the case of matter, since matter has no intrinsic spatial motion and cannot move at c. The solution is time, a moving dimension in which matter can have an intrinsic motion T equivalent to light's velocity c in space. In this case, it is the dimension which moves, not the energy form, conversely to the arrangement of light and space. Only light itself could establish such a moving dimension that was metrically and entropically equivalent to c. Matter cannot move at c but it can occupy a unique dimension (time) that itself moves with a velocity which is the metric equivalent of c.

The intrinsic motion of light produces space, and the intrinsic motion of light also produces time. This is where time gets its intrinsic motion, and why velocity c and T are exact metric equivalents; matter moves in time as fast as light moves in space.

John A. Gowan: The Origin of Space and Time
Look also at the explanation of T.S. Natarajan and Dr. Albrecht Giese (PDF).

### Derivation of space-time

In absolutist physics, the "A" motion cannot be rated as a reference, either, since everything in the universe has the same absolute light velocity. So, there cannot be any reference outside the "observer", who will only be able to measure external motions different from his.

Fernando Cleto Nunes Pereira: The Unit of Phisics
The core of the special theory of relativity is Einstein's definition of the relativistic synchronism. Everything else follows from this. All space and time scales are based on this.

It is a characteristic fact that light is used for this purpose. Anyhow, light is really a very spectacular thing concerning revolutions in physics. The definition of relativistic synchronism, too, refers to the movement of light.

Sexl and Schmidt write (Sexl/Schmidt 1979, page 54-55):

 Two events are synchronous, if the light or radio signals they emit reach an observer, standing in the middle between them, at the same time. This definition of synchronism obviously is a generalization of the common concept of synchronism, but also bears the procedure used for the synchronization of clocks as a special case.

Light is preferably used for the definition of length and time measures. The reason for this is that the velocity of light is constant in all inertial systems, so that all observers are able to agree upon the scales measured with light.
This is the common reason for using luxons for the determination of space and time scales of tardyons.

Nevertheless, this reason is not specific enough for me. It is correct, but it is superficial.

Why is the movement of light privileged for the definition of length and time measures of tardyons?

The velocity of light is constant in all inertial systems. Therefore, light is used for the definition of space and time scales.

But why is it constant in all inertial systems? What does the constancy of the velocity of light mean?

It means that tardyons move according to constancy!

For example: In common clocks, time passes correspondingly slower when the clock is moved, so that the velocity of light keeps constant. This behaviour of common matter, of tardyons, is absolutely of the element of which it consists, how much it weighs etc. The time of an hour glass is prolonged in the same way as the half-time of uranium. This is quite remarkable.
The main question is why this system can be used without contradictions. Why does common matter, why do tardyons behave exactly according to the scales defined by luxons?
Mathematic possibility, mathematic closeness of the space-time continuum is not at all a physical cause.

The actual physical cause for the space time continuum and for the constancy of the velocity of light is still absolutely unknown !

The constancy for the velocity of light is one of the two axioms of the special theory of relativity (the other one is the principle of relativity).

"The constancy in an axiom" actually means: We still do not know its cause!

### Derivation of the special theory of relativity

##### Item 1
Tardyons consist of luxons.

##### Item 2
There is at least exactly one inertial system in which the velocity of light is constantly 299.792.458 m/s in all directions. This is my condition. From this and from item 1 follows the entire rest of the special theory of relativity.

##### Item 3
A velocity cannot serve for the definition of duration and length, because, vice versa, the velocity is defined as

v = s/t .

The propagation of light is used for the definition of space and time scales not because of its constant velocity. But vice versa: The constancy of the velocity of light is a direct consequence of the use of luxons for the definition of space and time scales. Therefore it cannot be the reason for this use.

But, if the reason for the use of light for the definition of space and time scales is not the constancy of the velocity of light, what is the reason?

##### Item 4
We do not use luxons for the definition of space and time scales because its velocity is constant, but because

t h e r e    i s n ' t

a n y t h i n g

e l s e !

Tardyons, after all, are only a form of luxons. The scales generated with the help of light have logically to be true for luxons, too. Luxons move according to the rules which were defined with luxons.
Tardyons, i.e. the common, solid matter, behaves according to the space and time scales of luxons, because tardyons are luxons and nothing else.

##### Item 5
According to the principle of relativity, all laws of nature will have the same form in all inertial systems. No inertial system is superior another inertial system by different laws of nature. There is a simple reason for this in luxon theory.

According to the luxon theory, inertial systems which move with velocities below the velocity of light, only start to exist because of the interaction of luxons which link together to form tardyons. The only reason for the existence of different inertial systems is that the impulses of luxons are mixed within the tardyons.
The movement of tardyons is completely determined by the law of conservation of impulses and by the luxons moving with the velocity of light. In the luxon theory, there is not any reference point at all, as the absolute space in Newtonian mechanics is.

Each movement is related to the movement of luxons, not to a space at rest or a privileged reference system. These reference systems (Inertial systems or tardyons) are related to the movement of luxons, thus to a movement and not to a fixed point at rest. In relation to the luxons, all tardyons (i.e. all inertial systems) are equal:
The different movements of the different inertial systems originate in exactly the same thing: They are a mixture of luxon movements.

Thus, no inertial system is privileged to any other.
(Postulate 1 of STR)

The relativistic synchronism already follows from the fact that luxons are used for the definition of synchronism, and not sound. Why do we use luxons for this purpose?

Item 2 is the answer to this question: There isn't anything else.

Furthermore, the definition of synchronism by luxons according to item 4 is universally true.

From the relativistic synchronism, i.e. from the use of luxons for the definition of synchronism, immediately follows the Lorentz contraction. I renounce the proof of that, because it is known from literature.The definition of time follows from the same reason, with the known light clock. 